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Does the hadis regarding the muflis/bankrupt in the hereafter contradicts with the Quranic verse?
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Asatizah: Ustaz Nasaie Hanaffie
Assalamua`alaikum. With regards to the hadis: “Do you know who is bankrupt?” They said, “The one without money or goods is bankrupt.” The Prophet said, “Verily, the bankrupt of my nation are those who come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers, fasting, and charity, but also with insults, slander, consuming wealth, shedding blood, and beating others. The oppressed will each be given from his good deeds. If his good deeds run out before justice is fulfilled, then their sins will be cast upon him and he will be thrown into the Hellfire.”
Source: Sahih Muslim 2581
Does the hadis regarding the muflis/bankrupt in the hereafter contradicts with the Quranic verse “And no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another”?
Waalaikumussalam warahmatullah wa barakatuh
Regarding the Quranic verse and hadith mentioned above, Imam al-Nawawi gave his commentary under the same hadith [no: 2581] in his famous syarh of Sahih Muslim. He quoted the explanation given by Imam al-Maziri (another ulama who also had written a syarh on Sahih Muslim).
Imam Maziri said that this hadith doesn’t contradict with the verse mentioned above. This is only the thought of some deviant and ignorant people.
In fact, the punishment one will receive on the day of qiyamah is based on the justice of Almighty Allah. Allah will not oppress any of His creation. Indeed, Allah is most forgiving and most passionate.
As far as muflis is concerned on the day of qiyamah, if he fails to repay the rights of others which are upon him, he must pay them with his good deeds accordingly. And if he finishes all his good deeds, he will take the bad deeds of those he oppressed in the worldly life accordingly.
So, the action of taking others' bad deeds is based on one's bad actions and oppressions in worldly life itself. And the meaning of the quranic verse is that no one will take any blame or punishment on behalf of anybody without any clear and valid reason in the eyes of syarak.
Allah knows the best.